Dr. Nickels said the growth of extremist organizations posed a “significant threat” to the region and beyond. They could provide support to global threats such as al-Qaeda and might eventually make serious attempts to strike beyond Africa, he told me.
But Mr. Melly said that development also had to be part of the solution. While the roots of regional conflicts were complex, he said, “poverty, a lack of economic options and the resulting frustration among young men seeking livelihoods… certainly are a substantial contributor.”
"Insecurity in the Sahel cannot be solved through military measures," he added. Famine And Climate Change Are Making Africa a Terrorist Tinderbox